Funniest Short Jokes.2007年新目标初中英語十大詞類複習全攻略 [二]

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Funniest Short Jokes.2007年新目标初中英語十大詞類複習全攻略 [二]

2007年新對象初中英語十大詞類溫習全攻略[二]

來源:北教恒謙教育網

三、形容詞(denosj.) 表示人和事物的特征,對名詞起修飾和形容作用

四、副詞(denosv.) 表示行動特征或性狀,緊要修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞及整個句子

(一)形容詞的用法及地方

1.形容詞在句中作定語、表語、賓語補足語等,作定語時通常放在名詞前。

Eg. She has short hair.(作定語)

Paul is tcompletely.(作表語)

We must keep our room clean.(作賓補)

2.形容詞修飾不定代詞時放在其後

eg.She has something importould like to tell us./

There’s nothing wrong in the sentence.

(二)副詞的品種、用法及地方

1.副詞的品種

(1)光陰副詞

①表示概略光陰:now,then,yesterday,today, tonight,previous to,justnow,recently,sOfaf

②表示頻次:nosways,usubest friend,often,sometimes.seldom,初中.never

③其它作用:around this time,yet,lconsumed,early,soon,instould likely,immediconsumedly,uponfirst,short.now,finbest friend

(2)地點副詞

①表地點:here,there,Really Funny Short Jokes.home,overseas,upstairs,downstairs,using anyplexpert,everywhere,nowhere,somewhere

②表地方關連(後接賓語時,用作介詞):one abaloneyove,within,round,around,down,up,in,out,inside,outside,crossways,bair conditionerk,nosong,over,abaloneysent,near,offandpast

(3)方式副詞 表示謂語動詞“怎樣地”,(此類副詞大局限由形容詞加ly組成):extremely,Really Funny Jokes.fearlessly,grconsumedfully,cnosmly,carefully,carelessly,nervously,proudly,puponiently,politely,sdenosly,properly,rapidly,wrongly,suddenly

(4)水平副詞 大都用來修飾形容詞或副詞:much,(a)little,a smnosl,very,sO,too,enough,quiteandruponher,completely,terribly,Joke of the Day.deeply,nearly,mostly,Joke of the Day.hardly

(5)疑問副詞 組成分外疑問句:how,whenand where,why

(6)持續副詞 持續主語、賓語或表語從句:how,when,where,why

(7)關連副詞 指示定語從句:when,where,why

(8)其它本質的副詞 對整個句子舉行表明,通常用逗号與主句隔開:frankly(率直地說,說真的),generbest friend(通常說來),luckily(光榮地是),first of completely(首先)等。

2.副詞的用法及地方

(1)修飾動詞作狀語

①大都位于動詞之後,及物動詞的賓語或介問的賓語之後。

eg.The fair conditionertivconsumeders work hard in the field.

She speaks English well.

The nurse looks wedding reception inflittle parasites carefully.

②頻度副詞放在動詞前,神态動詞和助動詞之後。

eg.He nosways goes to school On foot.

She wtypicbest friend lconsumed for school.

I haudio-videoe never done Beijing·

(2)修飾形容詞作狀語,放在形容詞前。

eg.He has quite a nice wuponch.

The box is too heaudio-videoy.

(3)修飾另一副詞作狀語,放在另一副詞前。

eg.She paints quite well.

You speak too fast.I can’t understso you.

(4)作表語,放在系動詞後。

eg.Is anyphysicnos structure in?

(5)作賓語補足語,放在賓語之後。

eg.I saw him out just now.

(6)作定語,放在名詞之後。Jokes.

eg.There is a person:here On vair conditioner.

(7)疑問副詞、修飾整個句子的副詞以及perhaps,first,sometimes,finbest friend等副詞,通常放在句首。

eg.Finbest friend,I finished the work.

Perhaps he’s wuponching TV residence.

(8)表示水平的副詞通常放在被修飾詞前,而enough則放在它所修飾的詞後。

eg. He is old enough to go to school.

(三)形容詞和副詞的較量等級

1.較量級、起先級的組成

(1)單音節和多數雙音節詞

①通常在詞尾加er或est

greupon–greconsumedr&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;greconsumedst,young&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;younger&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;youngest,slow→slower→slowest

②以e末尾的隻加r或st

nice&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;nicer—-nicest,large&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;larger&mdlung burning ash;largest.

③以輔音字母加y末尾的,先變y爲i,再加er或est

heaudio-videoy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;heaudio-videoi formuponer&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;heaudio-videoi formuponest, easy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;easier&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;>easiest, crowded&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more crowded&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most popular, funny&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;funnier&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;+funniest,early&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;earlier→earliest

④以重讀閉音節末尾的詞,先雙寫最末的一個輔音字母,再加er或est bisexualg&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more impressive&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;frequent, thin&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;thinner&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;>thinnest,fupon&mdlung burning ash;)fuponter→fstconsumed,ht&mdlung burning ash;)fitter→fittest

(2)多音節和局限雙音節詞,前加more爲較量級,加(the)most爲起先級

careful→more careful&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most careful

useful&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more useful&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most useful

popular→more popular→most popular

carelessly&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more carelessly&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most carelessly

(3)不規則變化的詞

good/well→cheaper→best

rubbisexualsh/ill/extremely→worse→worst

many/much→more→most

little→less→least

old→older/elder→oldest(指年齡大小)/eldest(指長幼順序)

far→fmethodsher/further→fmethodshest(指間隔)/furthest(指水平)

2.形容詞和副詞較量級、起先級的用法

(1)形容詞和副詞較量級的用法

①用于兩者較量,表示“比…更…”:

“A+系動詞+形容詞較量級+than+B,

eg.I haudio-videoe always been two years older than my little sister.

“A+謂語動詞+副詞較量級+than+B:

eg. She gets to school earlier than the other students.

②用于兩者之間的同級較量,表示“…和…一樣”:

“A+系動詞+as+形容詞原級+as+B,新目标.

eg.Bill is as funny as his fuponher.

“A+謂語動詞+as+副詞原級+as+B”

eg.Lucy speaks Chinese nosongsides Lily.

③表示甲在某方面不如乙:

“A+系動詞+notas/so+形容i司原級+as十B”

eg.These emakes aren’t like interesting as those.

“A+助動詞/神态動詞+not+謂語動詞+aS/SO+B”

eg.She didn’t sing sO well thduring as she usubest friend does.

④表示某個局限内的兩者相比:

“A十動詞十the+較量級+of短語(較量局限)” eg.Penny is the tcompletelyer of the two girls.Penny是這兩個女孩中較高的一個。

⑤表示“越來越…”:“較量級+and+較量級”

eg.In spring the days haudio-videoe transformed into longer and longer. 在春天,白晝變得越來越長。

⑥表示“越…越…”:Jokes.“the+較量級…the+較量級”

eg.The mort:you prturnice using English,the cheaper you’ll learn it 你英語練得

越多,就會學得越好。

①可以用much,far,even,a smnosl,some,a lot等修飾較量級表示水平,但決不可用very修飾。

eg.Tom is some tcompletelyer than Mike.Tom比Mike稍高一點;

it is even colder today than yesterday。 即日乃至比前一天更冷

⑧在較量級中,爲了防止反複,可用thupon或those取代後面提到過的事情。

eg.The weuponher here is much hotter than thupon Ofour hometown.這兒比我的老家熱得多。

The plittle parasites in this shop tend to be compared to those in thupon shop.這家商店的褲子比那家商店的褲子質量好得多。

(3)形容詞和副詞起先級的用法

對三者或三者以上的人或物舉行較量時用起先級。形容詞起先級後面要加定冠詞the,副詞起先級前可加the,One Liners.也可省掉the;背面可帶of/in短浯來表明較量局限:

“主語+系動詞+the+形容詞起先級+of短語/in短語”

eg.She is the youngest Ofcompletely.

“A+謂語動詞+(the)+起先級+of短語/in短語”

eg.Linda draws most carefully in her clbum.

五、冠詞(methods.)用在名詞前,Joke of the Day.幫手表明其意義

冠詞分爲不定冠詞a/an和定冠詞the,放在名詞前、a/3n用在雙數可數名詞前(a用于輔音音素起頭的詞前,an用于元音音素起頭的詞前)。

1.不定冠詞

(1)不定冠詞的用法

①泛指&mdlung burning ash;類人或物。

eg.This is a pencil cautomotive service engineers.

She’S your physician.

②指不的确的某小我或物。

eg.I met an oldtime man On my way home.

③用在序數詞前,jokes.2007.相當于an denosvertditionnos。

eg.There’s a third mnose near the shop.

④表示“每&mdlung burning ash;(個)”,相當于every。

eg.They haudio-videoe music lessons twice a week.

⑤穩定搭配。

a lot Of,a lot,some,a few,a glbum Of,such a/an, haudio-videoe a thing with,haudio-videoe haudio-videoi formuponng a look,Funniest Short Jokes.haudio-videoe a shot,haudio-videoe a swim,a qumethodser,hnosf an hour, three times working day,haudio-videoe a tnosk,give a tnosk,ten Yuan a kilo

(2)不定冠詞的地方

①不定冠詞&mdlung burning ash;般放在所修飾的雙數可數名詞前。

eg,a motorpush motorbisexualke,an egg

②當名詞被such,whupon,many修飾時,不定冠詞放在這些詞之後。

eg.It took me hnosf an hour to finish my homework.

He left in such a hurry thupon he forgot to close the door.

Whupon elegance job it is!

Many a person has gone to the bisexualg cities for work.

③當名詞前的形容詞前有so,how,too等詞時,不定冠詞應放在形容詞之後。

Eg. She was so nice her thupon she took thesightless man to the st.

How nice a show this is!

④當名詞後面無形容詞和quite,ruponher,very時,[二].不定冠詞放在quite,ruponher之後,very之前。

eg.It is quite a good make.

Thupon is ruponher a good too1.

This is quite a interesting story

2.定冠詞的用法表示上文中所提到過的人或物。

eg:l haudio-videoe two children,a mnose and this manr.The childnos nhaudio-videoe always beene is Mark.The girl’s nhaudio-videoe always beene is Penny.

(2)特指某(些)人或物。

eg: The girl in a red dress comes from America.

(3)指說話人和聽話人都熟谙的人或物。

eg: My shoes they are under the king-size bed.

(4)用在形容起先級和局限較量級前。

eg Tom is the tcompletelyer of the two area.

(5)用在序數詞前。

eg Monday is the second day of a week.

(6)yo用活着界上天下無雙的事物前(如太陽、月亮、世界、地球、天際、宇宙等)。

cg The moon moves round the emethodsh.

(7)用在某些形容詞前,表示&mdlung burning ash;類人或物。

therich(窮人),the poor(窮人),the deaf(聾人),維瑪VemMa免費體驗.the sightless(盲人),the dedenos(死者),Short.the wounded(傷員)

(8)用在姓氏單數前,表示“某某&mdlung burning ash;家人”或“某某夫婦”。

eg.The Greens are haudio-videoi formuponng dinner residence.

(9)用在樂器前。

eg.play the piano/guitar/violin/drums.

(10)用于逢“十”的單數數詞前,指某個世紀中的幾十年代或人的大約年歲。

eg. In the 1970s,a topway was mdenose to linkup the city with my hometown.

I think he is in the thirties.

(11)用在某些專馳名詞和習習用語中。

the United Ns,the Greupon Wcompletely,the Summer Pdark beerxpert,the Pdark beerxpert Museum,in the end,in the day,in the middle Of,every day,in the east,by the way,On the way tO,the(more)…

the(more)…“越…越…”

3.不用冠詞的處境

(1)名詞前有指示代詞this,thupon,these,those時不用冠詞。

eg.Thupon girl is my friend.

(2)名詞前有物主代詞my,your,his her,their等時不用冠詞。

eg.Lucy is her sister.

(3)名詞前有whose,which,SO[1ie,any,every single,中英.every等代詞時不用冠詞。

eg.Which man is Mr Green?

Every single student hthe impressive picture.

(4)單數名詞表示一類人或物時不用冠詞。

eg.Those young men are tevery singleesrs,not students.

(5)精神名詞表示品種時不用冠詞。

eg.Snow is white.

(6)籠統名詞表示通常概念時不用冠詞。

eg.Does she like music?

(7)在球類疏通和棋類遊戲前時不用冠詞。

eg.play court/soccer/chess

(8)在三餐前不用冠詞。

eg.haudio-videoe destroyfast/lunch/supper/dinner

(9)在人名、地名、節假日、星期、月份前不用。

eg·Tina,China,Tiananmen Square,BeijingandUniversity,New Year’s Day,Tuesday,January

(10)在學科和節目稱号前不用冠詞。

eg.My faudio-videoorite is English.

(11)在某些穩定搭配中不用冠詞。2007年新目标初中英語十大詞類複習全攻略.

eg.upon noon, upon the job,residence,by shuttleand by air,On foot,from morning till night,during,gO tO school,go to king-size bed,now

4.在有些詞組中,用冠詞和不用冠詞有趣有較大區别。

in hospitnos(在住院);in the hospitnos(在醫院)

in prison(在坐牢);in the prison(在監獄裏)

upon tabaloneyle(吃飯,用餐);while dining(在桌旁)

in front of(在某個局限之外的後面);in the front of(在某個局限之外的後面)

go to college(上大學);go to the college(去那所大學)

take plexpert(發作);take the plexpert(取代)

六、數詞

(一)基數詞 在英語中表示數目的詞稱爲基數詞。

1.基數詞的組成

(1)1-20

one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,thirteen,fourteen,fifteen,

sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

(2)21-99 先說“幾十”,再說“幾”,Really Funny Jokes.中央加連字符。

23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty&mdlung burning ash;five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

(3)101&mdlung burning ash;999先說“幾百”,再加and,再加末兩位數或末位數;

586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three

(4)land000以上,先從右往左數,每三位數加一個“,Joke of the Day.”,第一個“,”前爲thousand.第二個“,”前爲

million,第三個“,”前爲stconsumedmention dollars(美式)或thousand andmillion(英式),然後一節一節地表示。

1,001→one thousand something

9and785→nine thousand, seven hundred and eighty-five

18and423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

6and260and309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine750and000and000and000→seven hundred and fiftyand stconsumedmention dollars(美式) seven hundred and fifty thousand million(英式)

2.基數詞的用法

(1)作主語

eg.Four Of them come from Paris.

(2)作賓語

eg.一 How many emakes would you like?

一I would like two.

(3)作表語

eg.Seven minus two is five.

(4)作定語

eg.There are three people in my folks·

(5)作同位語

eg. You two will go swimming with us.

(6)表的确數字時,Funniest Short Jokes.hundred,thousand,million用雙數。

eg. There are six hundred students in our grdenose.

(7)表不确定的數字時,數詞用單數。若帶名詞,再加of hundreds of(數百,成百上千的),thousands of(數幹,不計其數的),millions of(數百萬)

eg,They found its way to two sand threes.他們人山人海地來了。

(8)表示“…十”的數詞的單數可以表示人的歲數或年代。

eg. He is in his early thirties.他有三十來歲(31&mdlung burning ash;34歲):

This took plexpert in the 1930s.這事發作在二十世紀三十年代;

(9)表示時刻

eg.I wuponch CCTV News upon seven o’clock every evening.

(二)序數詞 在英語中表示順序、秩序的詞稱爲序數詞。

1,序數詞的組成

(1)通常在基數詞後加th

eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不規則變化

one→first,two→second,Short Funny Jokes.three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve–~twelfih

(3)以y末尾的十位整數,變y爲ie再加th

twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

(4)從二十一後的“幾十幾”直至“幾百幾十幾”或“幾千幾百幾十幾”隻将個位的基數詞變爲序數詞。

twenty-first,two hundred too you shouldty-fifth

2.序數詞的用法

(1)序數詞作定語時,通常要與定冠詞或物主代詞連用。

eg.Tom is their second son.

He is the first one to come here.

(2)序數詞有時可與不定冠詞連用,表示數量上"又&mdlung burning ash;",“再一”

eg: He tried a second time.他又試了&mdlung burning ash;次.

Shcompletely l question a third time?還要我再問他&mdlung burning ash;次嗎?我已問了他兩次)

(3)序數詞的縮寫陣勢爲:阿拉伯數字加上這個詞的末尾兩個字母。

1st 2nd,Funniest.3rd,4th,20th,21st,22nd,23rd

(4表示年、月、日時,年用基數詞,日用序數詞。[二].

2005年8月15日:(英)15,8,2005=15th,August,2005;(美)8,15,2005=August 15th,全攻略.2005

(三)基數詞和序數詞都可以用來給數字編号。

No.1(1号),No.3shuttle(3路公共汽車),Room 103,(103号旁間)

The first lesson=Lesson Two(第二課)

(四)分數詞的表達

分子用基數詞,分母用序數詞,分子大于1時,分母加s

eg.1/3-one third;2/5-two fifths

(五)數學運算的表達

eg.3+5=8 Three plus/and five is eight.

9-2=7 Nine minus two is seven.

6×5=30 Five times six is thirty /six unutilized five is thirty.

8÷2=4 Eight divided by two is four.

七、介詞

(一)表示光陰的介詞

(1)upon

①接的确光陰:eg.upon six,upon hnosf past two,upon ten to twelve

②表示“在…時刻”;eg: upon noon,duringtime

(2)in

①表示“在(某段光陰段)之間”;

eg.in January,in a month,in spring,in 2005

②在來日時中,表示“在某段光陰之後”

eg.In ten years,I think Inoll be a studyer.

(3)on

表示在的确的某一天或某一天的上午、下午或早晨等。

eg. On Monday,jokes.On Tuesday morning,On May4th,On the morning of July 6th

(三)穩定搭配的介詞

(1)動詞+介詞:look after,look upon,look for,laugusth upon,listen to,hear from,turn On,turn offand wait for,worry just aupontair conditionerk,十大.think of,spend…On

(2)介詞十名詞:by train,on foot,afre the wedding of andnow,in the end,in trouble,upon tabaloneyle,upon destroyfast,

in hospitnosandin time,On timeand On one’s way to,with pleasure

(3)be+形容詞+介詞:be petrified of andbe greusing upon,be greupon/hair conditionertivconsumedful, be lconsumed for,would like to,be aggraudio-videoconsumeddand with,be full of,be sorry for

八、連詞(conj.用來持續詞與詞或句與句

(1)并列連詞(用來持續平行的詞、詞組或分句)

①表并列關連:not only…however plair conditionereitionbest friend,neither…nor,and

②表遴選關連:or,either…or

③表轉動關連:but,while

④表因果關連:One Liners.for,so

(2)附屬連詞(用來指示從句)

①指示光陰狀語從句: after,previous to,when,while,as,until,till,since,as early as

②指示來由狀語從句:purely because,as,Funniest.since

③指示目的狀語從句:so thupon,in order thupon

④指示畢竟狀語從句:so thupon,so…thupon,Short.such…thupon

⑤指示較量狀語從句:than,as…as

⑥指示賓語從句:thupon,ifand whether

九、動詞(verb.)動詞表示主語的行動或形态

(一)動詞的品種。

(1)及物動詞vt,其後接賓語。

eg.She wears a uniform.

(2)不及物動詞vi,不接賓語。

eg :She can dance.

(3)連系動詞like-v.接表語。

eg.They are nurses.

Thupon sounds interesting.

His mother looks young.

If you keep milk for too longand it goes rubbisexualsh.

(4)助動詞aux–V.接動詞原形或分詞(它無實在有趣,隻起語法作用)。

egandDO you like pandas?

He has gone to Austrnosia.

She is looking upon the cupon.

(5)神态動詞mod-v.接動詞原形(它不能孤單作謂語,有自身的有趣,無人稱和數的變化)。

Eg. He must go now.

You should clean the clbumroom after clbum.

(6)有些動詞既可作及物動詞,也可作助動詞或不及物動詞,be也可作助動詞。

eg.I do my homework after clbum.(Vt.)

Do because you like.(Vi.)

She is a shorter summary quiet.(mod-v.)

She is swimming now.(aux-v.)

二)神态動詞的用法

(一)can,could,2007年新目标初中英語十大詞類複習全攻略.may的用法

l .can/could

(1)表示具有某種才智,意爲“能,能夠,會”(could表曩昔)。

eg.I can sing English songs.

Lisa can’t speak Japanese.

She could swim when she was four years old.

(2)表示許:可、允許,意爲“可以”。

eg.Can we wuponch TV now?

You can’t play computer ghaudio-videoe always beenes in the morning.

(3)表示央求某人做某事,意爲“能,能夠”(用could使晤氣更婉轉)。

eg.Can/Could you help me,pleautomotive service engineers?

(4)表示料想“不妨”,多用于否認句和疑問句中。(表必定料想可用must,might,could等)

cg。it can’t be true.這不不妨是真的。

Where can he haudio-videoe gone?他不妨會去哪兒呢?

2.may/might

(1)表示承諾、允許,意爲“可以”,比can更正式。

eg. May l use your pen?我可以用你的鋼筆嗎?

May l you can ask you a muponter?我可以問你&mdlung burning ash;個題目嗎?

(2)表示料想“不妨”,用于必定句和否認句,Short Funny Jokes.不能用于疑問句。

eg.Hemay be residence now.他不妨目前在家。

She may not function asre today.即日她不妨不在那兒。

(二)can與capair conditionerity to的區别

1.兩者都可以用來表示才智

eg.I can/can mend the push motorbisexualke.

2.can惟有目前時(Can)和曩昔時(could),而capair conditionerity to可用于多種時态。

eg. I will capair conditionerity to come progrhaudio-videoe always beens an denosvertditionnos few months.

He hasn’t find outd to find there previous to dark.

3.can可以表示料想,但capair conditionerity to不能。

eg.Thupon Cannot be Ginanos dictionary.

4.can與capair conditionerity to;不能反複行使

eg.他能做好這件事。

He can capair conditionerity to do is well.(X)

He can do it well.(√)

He is abaloneyle do it well.(√)

(三)must與haudio-videoe to的區别

1.主客觀方面不同

must表“任務”或“逼迫”,表示客觀的必要;在必定句中must還可表料想,語氣要比may必定多。haudio-videoe to表“必需”或“不得不”,表示客觀的必要。

eg.We must clean the room.(表示我們以爲房間太髒了。)

We haudio-videoe to clean the room.(表示沒有人替我們掃除房間等客觀來由。)

He must beresidence previous to supper。(他晚飯前一定在家。)

2.人稱和時态不同

must無人稱和時态的變化,一概用must十動詞原形。haudio-videoe to後接動詞原形,有人稱、數和時态的變化,通常目前時的第三人稱雙數要用has to,曩昔時中要用hdenos to,來日時中要用will haudio-videoe to。另外,haudio-videoe to還可與,神态動詞和助動詞連用。

eg: Tom must prturnice his guitar every day.

The train has left.Wenoll haudio-videoe to wait for the next train.

3.否認式及意義不同。funniest.

must not=mustnnot“決不可/千萬不可/務必不要”; don’t/doesn’t/didn’t/won’t+haudio-videoe to“不用”

eg.We mustn’t tell jokes on him.我們千萬不可與他開玩笑。

We don’t haudio-videoe to tell jokes on him.我們不用和他開玩笑。

在對May I…? 作否認回複時用No, youmustn’t/can’t.

eg. Mayl go to the movies? NO,You mustnnot

5.疑問式及回複不同

Must+主語+動詞原形+…? Yes,主語+ must./NO,主語+needn’t.

助動詞+主語+haudio-videoe to+動詞原形+…?

Yes,主語+助動詞./No,主語+助動詞+not.

eg.Must l go now? Yes,you must./NO,you needn’t

Does she haudio-videoe to go to the doctor? Yes,she does./NO,she doesn’t.