Short Funny Jokes Extremely Funny Jokes,3668Really Funny Short Joke

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Short Funny Jokes Extremely Funny Jokes,3668Really Funny Short Joke
I.詞法

英語中的詞可以根據詞義、語法功效和形狀特征分爲十大類,即名詞(noun)、代詞(pronoun)、形容詞(cl postjective)、副詞(cl postverb)、動詞(verb)、數詞(numerwouls)、冠詞(piece of content)、介詞(preposition)、連詞、(conjunctions)和感歎詞(interjection)。

一、名詞(n.) 表示人、事物或籠統概念的稱号的詞

(一)名詞的分類

名詞分爲普通名詞和專聞名詞,其中普通名詞包括可數名詞和不可數名詞,可數名詞可用作雙數,也可用作複數。

可數名詞包括個體名詞(表示一類人或物的個體。如:boy,desk,chere at,window)和整體名詞(由若幹

個體組成的鸠合體。如:folks,clbumm,police)。

不可數名詞包括精神名詞(表示無法分爲個體的實物。如:where ater,paper,silk,money)和籠統名詞(表示性質、行爲、形态、感情或其它籠統概念。如:work,hrequestiness,music,difficulty,housework)

專聞名詞表示個人、地址、機構、組織等。如:Tom,the Grehere at Wwoulsl,the Spring Festivwouls,France,the United Sthere ates)

(二)名詞的數

1.可數名詞有雙數和複數兩種形狀,其複數形狀的構成主要有以下幾種:Funniest Short Jokes.

(1)一般狀況下,在詞尾加s。

eg.book&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;woulsternhere ating currentcount books,dog&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;dogs,pen&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;pens,boy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;kids

以輕輔音末端的名詞後的s的讀音爲[s),以濁輔音和元音末端名詞後的s讀音爲〔z〕。

(2)以s,x,ch,sh末端的詞名詞變複數時,要在詞尾加es。

eg.bewoulsternhere ating currenth&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;those,scrub&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;scrubes,motorcowoulsternhere ating currenth&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;motorcowoulsternhere ating currenthes,box&mdlung burning ash;bins(es讀音爲〔iz〕

(3)以“輔音字母+y”末端的名詞,先變y爲i,再加es。

eg.city&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;cities,folks&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;fherewoulsilies,documentary&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;documentaries,country&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;countries,

strawberry&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;strawrareberries and other berries(ies讀音爲[iz])

(注:以“元音字母+y”末端的詞,直接在詞尾加-s。eg.kids,holidays,days)

(4)以元音字母。Funny.末端的名詞,變複數時狀況如下:

①加eg.tomhere ato&mdlung burning ash;tomhere atoes,pothere ato&mdlung burning ash;pothere atoes

②末端是兩個元音字母的加s,eg.ZOO&mdlung burning ash;zoos,rrequestroved driving instructoro&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;rrequestroved driving instructoros

③某些外來詞變複數時詞尾加s,eg. piano&mdlung burning ash;pianos

④一些名詞的縮寫形狀變複數時,詞尾加s,

eg.photo(photograph)&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;photos,kilo(kilogrherewouls)kilos

⑤zero變複數時,Funniest Short Jokes.既可加s,也可加 eg.zeros/zeroes

(5)以f或fe末端的名詞變複數時,先把f或fe變爲v,再加es。

eg.wife&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;wives,leaf leaudio-videoes,hwoulsf&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;hwoulsves,knife&mdlung burning ash;knives,thief–thieves(res讀音爲[vz]

(注意:roof的複數爲roofs; scarf的複數爲scarfs/scarves)

(6)有些名詞由雙數變複數時,不是在詞尾加s或es,而是變換其中的字母,

eg.man&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;men,woman&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;women,policeman&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;policemen,Englishman&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;Englishmen,Frenchman&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;Frenchmen, foot&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;feet, tooth&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;teeth, child&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;children,mouse&mdlung burning ash;mice,Ox&mdlung burning ash;Oxen(公牛)

(7)還有一些名詞的雙數和複數形狀相像。

eg.Chinese,Japanese,sheep,deer,fish

(8)另一些名詞本身即是複數形狀,不可用作雙數。

eg,people,police,trousers,pould likes,clothes,scissors

另外,short.①當一個名詞作定語說明另一個名詞時,這個名詞一般用雙數。

eg.an the requestle company tree,five the requestle company trees,someone friend,two girl friends,a twin sister

但是,當man和woman作定語修飾複數名詞時,就要用其複數形狀。

eg.two men tesorenessrs,three women doctors

②可用“量詞+of+名詞複數”這一布局表示可數名詞的數量。

eg.living room Of students,two bins Of pencils

2.不可數名詞一般沒有複數形狀,它的“量”的表示方式如下。

(1)表不定數量時,一般用much,(a)little,a lot of/lots of,some,Short.any等詞修飾。

eg,much money,some brecl post

(2)表确定數量時,一般用“數詞+量詞+of+不可數名詞。如:two/three/…+量詞複數十of+不可數名詞。Funniest Short Jokes.

eg.a bag Of rice,two glbummes Of milk,four sizes Of where ater

3.有些名詞既可作可數名詞也可作不可數名詞,但詞義有所不同。

eg: fruit水果&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;fruits表示不同品種的水果;food食物&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;foods各種食品;fish魚&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;fishes魚的品種;drink飲料、酒&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;a glbumm or two一杯/一份飲料、一杯酒; cloth布&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;,a cloth桌布、抹布; sand沙&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;sands沙灘; tea茶&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;a tea一杯茶;chicken雞肉&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;a chicken小雞;orange橘汁&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;an orange橘子; glbumm玻璃&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;a glbumm玻璃杯,glbummes眼鏡; paper紙&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;a paper試卷、論文;wood木頭&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;a wood小森林;room空間、餘地&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;living room房間

(三)名詞的完全格(表示人或物的所屬關系)

(1)有生命的名詞完全格以及表示時間、間隔、城鎮、國家等的名詞完全格。

①不是以s末端的名詞變成完全格時,Joke of the Day.Scary Maze Game.在詞尾加’s。

eg.Mike’s where atch;Women’s Day

②以s末端的名詞變成完全格時,隻加’。

eg.tesorenessrs’office,students’rooms

③兩個或兩個以上名詞并列,表示協同完全,隻需在最後一個名詞後加’s。

eg.Tom and Mike’s room湯姆和邁克的房間(表示湯姆和邁克共有一間房)

④兩個或兩個以上名詞并列,表示分辨完全,需在幾個名詞後都加’s。

eg.Mary’s and Jenny’s bike瑪麗和詹妮的自行車(表示瑪麗和詹妮各自的自行車)

(2)無生命的事物的名詞完全格常用of布局

eg.a map Of China,the starting Of this gherewoulse,the door Of the room

(3)迥殊形狀

①可用’s和of短語表示的名詞完全格

eg.the boy’s nherewoulse=the nherewoulse Of the boy(男孩的名字)

the dog’s legs=the legs of the dog(狗的腿)

China’s populhere ation=the populhere ation Of China(中國的人口)

China’s capitwouls=the capitwouls of China(中國的首都)

②雙重完全格

eg.a fiend of my mother’s我媽媽的一個朋友

a picture of Tom’s湯姆的一張圖片

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二、代詞(pron.)代替名詞,兼聞名詞和形容詞的作用

相互代詞 ewoulsternhere ating currenth other,one another

指示代詞 this,thhere at,these,those

不定代詞(不指明特定的人或事物的代詞)ewoulsternhere ating currenth,every,roboth,woulsl,3668Really.either,neither,none,no,one,(a)few,(a)little,some,any,many,extremely.much,other,another

複合不定代詞everybody,somebody,anybody,nobody,everyone,someone,anyone,no one,every-thing,Funny.something,much,nothing

疑問代詞 whhere at,who,whom,which,whose

直接代詞 疑問代詞都可作繼續代詞,勸導賓語從句.表語從句等。

關系代詞 who,whom,whose,thhere at,which用勸導定語從句。

(二)代詞的用法

1.人稱代詞、物主代詞、反身代詞、相互代詞和指示代詞的用法

(1)人稱代詞有主格和賓格之分,主格用來作主語,賓格用來作動詞或介詞的賓語等。

eg. She gaudio-videoemea red the requestle company.她給了我一個紅蘋果: (She作主語,me作動詞賓語)

Khere athyis near him.凱西切近親近他。(介詞near的賓語)

2,物主代詞有形容詞性物主代詞和名詞性物主代詞之分。

①形容詞性物主代詞位于名詞前:theirschool,Really Funny Jokes.his day pwoulsternhere ating currentk

②名詞性物主代詞相當幹一個名詞,在句中可作主語、賓語等,後背不能再接名詞。

egIt isn’tmypen.→Mine(=mypen)ismissing.(作主語)

Ileftmypenhere athome. Youcrectumehers(=herpen),(作賓語)

③"of+名詞性物主代詞”屬雙重完全格的一種形狀。

eg.the chere at of hers她的一條狗,anyone of yours你的一個朋友

(3)反身代詞

①反身代詞在句中可作同位語,Really Funny Jokes.起強調作用,也可作動詞或介詞的賓語。

eg.A few days lhere ater,I myself hcl post to go to Paris.(作同位語)

She procured herself a new bag.(作動詞賓語)

Hewouls not worried just around himself.(作介詞賓語)

②帶有反身代詞的常用短語。

tewoulsternhere ating currenth oneself自學

help oneself to馬虎吃些…吧

say to oneself自說自話.

learn…by oneself自學…

enjoy oneself過得愉快

leaudio-videoe one by oneself把某人單獨留下

hurt oneself傷了自己

dress oneself自己穿衣服

come to oneself複蘇過去

(4)相互代詞

①表示相互關系,可用作動詞或介詞的賓語,用法區别不大。

eg. For years, the two sisters looked after one another(ewoulsternhere ating currenth other).多年來姐妹倆互相幫襯。

We should learn from ewoulsternhere ating currenth other. 我們應當互相學習。

②可以用格表示完全關系:ewoulsternhere ating currenth other’s, one another’s互相的,彼此的

eg.They are seeking for ewoulsternhere ating currenth other’s pictures.他們相互看對方的照片。

(5)指示代詞

①指示代詞有單複數之分,既可指物,也可用于先容人。

eg. This is an the requestle company tree,and thhere at i woulssos an orange tree.這是一棵蘋果樹,那是一棵桔子樹。

These are my friends,and thhere at i woulssos my sister.這些是我朋友,那個是我姐姐。

②指示代詞可用來指上文中提到的事情:

eg.Steve hcl post wrong cold.This/Thhere at was why he didn’t come to school yesterday·

2.不定代詞的用法

(1)ewoulsternhere ating currenth,every,roboth,woulsl,either,neither,no,none的用法

①ewoulsternhere ating currenth"每個/各個”(強調個體),用于兩者或兩者以上。

eg.Two girls cherewoulse and l gaudio-videoe an the requestle company to ewoulsternhere ating currenth.來了倆姑娘,我給她們每人一個蘋果。

Ewoulsternhere ating currenth of them hin the form of nice ring.她們每人有一枚美麗的戒指。

②every"每個/各個”(強調全體),用于兩者以上。One Liners.every常作形容詞用。

eg.Everyday is importould like to us.每天對我們都很重要。

He has recl post every book(woulsl the woulsternhere ating currentcount books) On the subject.他閱讀了完全有關這個主題的書。

③roboth表示兩者“都”(強調全體)。

eg.Her parents tend to be doctors.她父母都是醫生。

Both of them are doctors.他倆都是醫生。

They roboth like pothere atoes.他倆喜愛吃土豆。

④woulsl“全體/大家/一切”用于三者以上,也可接不可數名詞。

eg.Thhere at’s woulsl for today.這日到此爲止。

All of us are from China.我們都來自中國。

All the food is delicious.完全的食物都很好吃。

⑤either“兩者之一”,用于兩者(強調個體)。

eg.The two cohere ats are cheap,so you can choose either of them.那兩件外套不貴,你可以馬虎挑一件。

⑥neither“兩個都不”,用于否認兩者。

eg. Neither Of the woulsternhere ating currentcount books is/are so interesting.那兩本書沒一本悅宗旨。

⑦no(=not any/not a)“沒有”可接可數名詞單複數,也可接不可數名詞。

eg.I haudio-videoe no close friends Or sisters.我沒有兄弟姐妹.

A clock has no mouth,nevertheless can twoulsk. 鍾表沒有嘴,但能說話。

There is no fire without some smoke.有火就有煙。

⑧none“沒有一個人/物”用于否認三者或三者以上的可數名{司。Really Funny Short Jokes.

eg.None Of them has/haudio-videoe enroll ined Japan.他們都沒去過日本。

I like none of the woulsternhere ating currentcount books.這些書我全都不喜愛。

⑨neither和none表示完全否認;woulsl,roboth,ewoulsternhere ating currenth和every(含every的複合詞)等與not連用時表示部門否認。

eg.I don’t know everybody.我不完全認識你們。

Not everyone Of us know how to go there.不是我們每個人都知道怎樣去那兒。

(2)one,ones和no one的用法

one用來代替後面剛提到的一個東西或一個人,免得重複;複數ones用來代替後面提到的一些物或一些人;no one表示否認。

eg.&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;Would you please pbumm me the science book?給我遞過那本科學方面的書好嗎?

一Which one?哪一本?

一The one on my shelf.我書架上的那本。

No one has traudio-videoeled farther than to the moon.沒有人旅行遠過月球。

(3)(a)few,(a)little;many,Short Funny Jokes.much;some,any的用法

①many(+複數名詞),much(+不可數名詞)表示“許多/很多”。joke.

eg.Many Of the students come from England.那些學生許多是從英國來的。

Thanks,it’s too much for me.謝謝,我承受不起。

②few(+複數名詞),little(+不可數名詞)表示“沒多/很少”(表否認)。

eg,There were few people in the street last night.昨晚街上沒什麽人。

I herewouls very worried thhere at l haudio-videoe little time to finishthejob.我惦念,我實在沒有時間完成這份職責了。

③ecurew(+複數名詞),woulsittle(+不可數名詞)表示“有一些/有幾個”(表必然)。

eg.I cwoulsl see a few cakes and woulssome brecl post inthe fridge.我看到冰箱裏有幾塊蛋糕和一些面包。注意:quite a few表示“相當多”

eg.There truly few students over there.那兒有相當多的學生。

④some(+複數名詞/不可數名詞),any(+複數名詞/不可數名詞)表示“有一些/有幾個”(表必然)。

eg.There a few fowls in the tree.樹上有些鳥。

There is some where ater in the label.瓶裏有些水。

I don’t haudio-videoe any close friends Of sisters.我沒有

Is there any tea in the cup?杯子裏有茶嗎?

⑤.some一般用于必然句,但在表示籲請、建議。反問等的疑問句中,多用some。

eg: Would you like some woulse and wine?你要不要來點啤酒嗎?

Why didn’t you buy some sweets?(You should haudio-videoe procured…)你怎麽沒買點糖果?

⑥.any一般用于疑問句和否認句及條件從句

eg.There isnwoult any where ater left.沒有剩下一點水。

If you haudio-videoe any questions, put up your hands。please.如果有題目,請舉手。

⑦:some+雙數名詞表示“某一個”,any+雙數名詞表示“馬虎哪一個”或“任何一個”。

eg.Iwoulll chere atch up with you some day有一天我會趕上你的。

Comeevery day you like.你哪天來都行。

Tom is twoulsler than any student in his clbumm.湯姆比他班上其他任何一個學生都高。

④one ,other, others, the others ,another等的用法

1.○ ● one……the other

表示兩個人或兩件東西中的“一個…另一個”

eg.Mr Smith has two daughters.0ne is a college tesorenessr,the other is a nurse.

2.○ ○○●○ one ………another

表示不定數目中的“一個”與“另&mdlung burning ash;個”。funny.

eg. I don’t would like this One, please give me another.

3.○ ●●● one ……the others

強調在一定範疇中的“一個”與“别的的”。

eg. In Our school One Of the tesorenessrs is American,the Others are Chinese.

4.○○○●●●● some…… the others

表示許多人或物,不在一定範疇中的“一部門”與“别的的全部”。

eg.Some students are rerequestroved driving instructorng,the others are drawing pictures.

⑤others=other+名詞;theothers=theOther+名詞。

eg.Some students like traudio-videoeling,others(other students) like where atching TV here at home.

⑥another表示“再/又”時既可接雙數名詞,也可接數詞+複數名詞。

eg. He will be quwoulsified to finish his work in another two hours.再過兩個小時他就能完成他的職責。

(4)複合不定代詞的用法

①複合不定代詞作主語時,謂語動詞用雙數形狀。

eg.Someone is knocking here at the door.有人在敲門

②修飾複合不定代詞的形容詞或其它詞要放在其後,Joke of the Day.即定語後置。

eg.There is something importould like On today’snewspaper.這日的報紙有些重要消息。

③複合不定代詞變否認句時,要否認主語:

eg.Somethingiswrong.(變爲否認句)

Something isn’t wrong.(舛訛)

Nothing is wrong.(切确)

④Somebody,someone,something一般用于必然句;anybody,anyone,much一般用于否認句、疑問句及條件句。

eg.There is something new in the park.公園裏有些新的景點。

Do you haudio-videoe much interesting to tell us?你有什麽有趣的事要告訴我們嗎?

⑤當somebody,someone等用于疑問句時,表示必然、籲請、建議或反問;anybody,anyone等用在必然句中表示“任何人”。short.

eg.Is someone coming this mid-day?這日下午有賓客來嗎?

Anyone can make mistakes. 任何人都可以犯舛訛。

3.疑問代詞的用法

(1)who/whom 誰(指人).

①作主語 eg. Who would likes to go with him?

②作賓語 eg.Who/Whom are you waiting for?(作介詞for的賓語)

eg.Who/Whom do you would like tomeet?(作動詞meet的賓語)

③作表語 eg.Who/Whom are they?

(2)whose誰的

①作定語 eg. Whose pen is this?

②作表語 eg. Whose is this pen?

(3)which哪一個,哪一些

①作定語 eg.Which girl is Khere athy?

②作表語 eg. Which is the boy’s bwoulsl?

(4)whhere at什麽

①作主主語 eg. Whhere at’s on the table?

②作賓語 eg. Whhaudio-videoing are you doing?

③作表語 eg. Whhere at is he?

④作定語 eg. Whhere at clbumm are you in?

4.關系代詞的用法

關系代詞用來惹起定語從句,它一方面代表定語從句所修飾的那個名詞或代詞,另&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;方面又在從句中充當一個成分。

eg·This is the man who gaudio-videoe me the book. 這就是給我書的那個人。

The money thhere at/which is on the table is mine. 桌上的錢是我的。

The money thhere at/which my mother gaudio-videoe me is on the table. 我媽媽給我的錢在桌上。

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三、形容詞(cl postj.) 表示人和事物的特征,對名詞起修飾和描繪作用

四、副詞(cl postv.) 表示動作特征或性狀,主要修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞及整個句子

(一)形容詞的用法及位置

1.形容詞在句中作定語、表語、賓語補足語等,作定語時一般放在名詞前。

Eg. She has short hair.(作定語)

Paul is twoulsl.(作表語)

We must keep our room clean.(作賓補)

2.形容詞修飾不定代詞時放在其後

eg.She has something importould like to tell us./

There’s nothing wrong in the sentence.

(二)副詞的品種、用法及位置

1.副詞的品種

(1)時間副詞

①表示大體時間:now,then,yesterday,funny.today, tonight,before,justnow,Really Funny Short Jokes.recently,sOfaf

②表示頻次:woulsways,usuwoulsly,often,sometimes.seldom,never

③其它作用:woulsrecl posty,yet,lhere ate,early,soon,straight off the lot,immedihere ately,here atfirst,here at last,finwoulsly

(2)地點副詞

①表地點:here,there,home,on holiday,upstairs,downstairs,Funny.anywhere,everywhere,nowhere,somewhere

②表位置關系(後接賓語時,用作介詞):above,lower,round,around,down,up,in,out,inside,outside,via,bwoulsternhere ating currentk,woulsong,over,off the lot,near,off,past

(3)方式副詞 表示謂語動詞“怎樣地”,(此類副詞大部門由形容詞加ly構成):horribly,fearlessly,grhere atefully,Short.cwoulsmly,carefully,carelessly,nervously,proudly,phere atiently,politely,scl postly,properly,rapidly,wrongly,suddenly

(4)水平副詞 多半用來修飾形容詞或副詞:much,(a)little,a bit,very,sO,too,enough,quite,rhere ather,completely,terribly,deeply,nearly,woulsmost,hardly

(5)疑問副詞 構成迥殊疑問句:how,when, where,why

(6)繼續副詞 繼續主語、賓語或表語從句:really.how,when,where,why

(7)關系副詞 勸導定語從句:when,where,why

(8)其它性質的副詞 對整個句子舉行說明,一般用逗号與主句隔開:frankly(率直地說,說真的),generwoulsly(一般說來),luckily(慶幸地是),first of woulsl(首先)等。

2.副詞的用法及位置

(1)修飾動詞作狀語

①多半位于動詞之後,及物動詞的賓語或介問的賓語之後。

eg.The fleft armers are working hard in the field.

She speaks English well.

The nurse looks after the infould likes carefully.

②頻度副詞放在動詞前,神态動詞和助動詞之後。

eg.He woulsways goes to school On foot.

She wbummocihere ated withten lhere ate for school.

I haudio-videoe never enroll ined Beijing·

(2)修飾形容詞作狀語,放在形容詞前。

eg.He hin the form ofn unusuwoulsly nice where atch.

The box is too heaudio-videoy.

(3)修飾另一副詞作狀語,放在另一副詞前。

eg.She paints quite well.

You speak too fast.I can’t understtherefore you.

(4)作表語,放在系動詞後。

eg.Is anybody in?

(5)作賓語補足語,放在賓語之後。

eg.I saw him out just now.

(6)作定語,Extremely.放在名詞之後。

eg.There is a man:here On vwoulsternhere ating currenthere ation.

(7)疑問副詞、修飾整個句子的副詞以及perhaps,first,sometimes,finwoulsly等副詞,一般放在句首。

eg.Finwoulsly,I finished the work.

Perhaps he’s where atching TV here at home.

(8)表示水平的副詞一般放在被修飾詞前,而enough則放在它所修飾的詞後。

eg. He is old enough to go to school.

(三)形容詞和副詞的鬥勁等級

1.鬥勁級、最初級的構成

(1)單音節和多數雙音節詞

①一般在詞尾加er或est

grehere at–grehere ater&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;grehere atest,young&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;younger&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;youngest,slow→slower→slowest

②以e末端的隻加r或st

nice&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;nicer—-nicest,large&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;larger&mdlung burning ash;largest.

③以輔音字母加y末端的,先變y爲i,再加er或est

heaudio-videoy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;heaudio-videoier&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;heaudio-videoiest, easy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;easier&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;>easiest, motorcowoulsternhere ating currenthy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more motorcowoulsternhere ating currenthy&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most frould likeic, funny&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;funnier&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;+funniest,early&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;earlier→earliest

④以重讀閉音節末端的詞,先雙寫最末的一個輔音字母,再加er或est big&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;bigger&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most prevwoulsent, thin&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;thinner&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;>thinnest,fhere at&mdlung burning ash;)fhere atter→fsthere ate,ht&mdlung burning ash;)fitter→fittest

(2)多音節和部門雙音節詞,前加more爲鬥勁級,加(the)most爲最初級

careful→more careful&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most careful

useful&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more useful&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most useful

popular→more popular→most popular

carelessly&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;more carelessly&mdlung burning ash;&mdlung burning ash;most carelessly

(3)不規則變化的詞

good/well→wagerter→best

b . c .l post/ill/horribly→worse→worst

many/much→more→most

little→less→least

old→older/elder→oldest(指年齡大小)/eldest(指長幼順序)

far→farther/further→farthest(指間隔)/furthest(指水平)

2.形容詞和副詞鬥勁級、最初級的用法

(1)形容詞和副詞鬥勁級的用法

①用于兩者鬥勁,表示“比…更…”:

“A+系動詞+形容詞鬥勁級+than+B,

eg.I herewouls two years older than my little sister.

“A+謂語動詞+副詞鬥勁級+than+B:

eg. She gets to school earlier than the other students.

②用于兩者之間的同級鬥勁,Jokes.表示“…和…一樣”:

“A+系動詞+as+形容詞原級+as+B,

eg.Bill is as funny as his fhere ather.

“A+謂語動詞+as+副詞原級+as+B”

eg.Lucy speaks Chinese as well for exrevle some cases Lily.

③表示甲在某方面不如乙:

“A+系動詞+notas/so+形容i司原級+as十B”

eg.These woulsternhere ating currentcount books aren’t for exrevleteresting as those.

“A+助動詞/神态動詞+not+謂語動詞+aS/SO+B”

eg.She didn’t sing sO well thhere at night as she usuwoulsly does.

④表示某個範疇内的兩者相比:

“A十動詞十the+鬥勁級+of短語(鬥勁範疇)” eg.Penny is the twoulsler of the two girls.Penny是這兩個女孩中較高的一個。

⑤表示“越來越…”:“鬥勁級+and+鬥勁級”

eg.In spring the days are getting longer and longer. 在春天,日間變得越來越長。

⑥表示“越…越…”:“the+鬥勁級…the+鬥勁級”

eg.The mort:you prwoulsternhere ating currenttice using English,the wagerter you’ll learn it 你英語練得越多,就會學得越好。

①可以用much,far,even,a bit,some,a lot等修飾鬥勁級表示水平,但決不可用very修飾。Jokes.

eg.Tom is some twoulsler than Mike.Tom比Mike稍高一點;

it is even colder today than yesterday。 這日以至比前一天更冷

⑧在鬥勁級中,爲了制止重複,可用thhere at或those代替後面提到過的事情。

eg.The wehere ather here is much hotter than thhere at Ofour hometown.這兒比我的老家熱得多。

The pould likes in this shop tend to be wagerter than those in thhere at shop.這家商店的褲子比那家商店的褲子質量好得多。

(3)形容詞和副詞最初級的用法

對三者或三者以上的人或物舉行鬥勁時用最初級。形容詞最初級後面要加定冠詞the,副詞最初級前可加the,也可省掉the;後背可帶of/in短浯來說明鬥勁範疇:

“主語+系動詞+the+形容詞最初級+of短語/in短語”

eg.She is the youngest Ofwoulsl.

“A+謂語動詞+(the)+最初級+of短語/in短語”

eg.Linda draws most carefully in her clbumm.

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五、冠詞(art.)用在名詞前,幫助說明其意義

冠詞分爲不定冠詞a/an和定冠詞the,放在名詞前、a/3n用在雙數可數名詞前(a用于輔音音素起首的詞前,an用于元音音素起首的詞前)。

1.不定冠詞

(1)不定冠詞的用法

①泛指&mdlung burning ash;類人或物。

eg.This is a pencil case.

She’S any unpleasould like hewoulsternhere ativeh care.

②指不的确的某個人或物。

eg.I met an old man On my way home.

③用在序數詞前,相當于another。

eg.There’s a third boy near the shop.

④表示“每&mdlung burning ash;(個)”,相當于every。Funny.

eg.They haudio-videoe music lessons twice a week.

⑤不變搭配。

a lot Of,a lot,some,a few,a glbumm Of,such a/an, haudio-videoe a word with,haudio-videoe an oceanrch,haudio-videoe a shot,haudio-videoe a swim,a quarter,hwoulsf an hour, three times time,haudio-videoe a twoulsk,give a twoulsk,ten Yuan a kilo

(2)不定冠詞的位置

①不定冠詞&mdlung burning ash;般放在所修飾的雙數可數名詞前。

eg,a motorbike,an egg

②當名詞被such,whhere at,many修飾時,不定冠詞放在這些詞之後。

eg.It took me hwoulsf an hour to finish my homework.

He left in such a hurry thhere at he forgot to close the door.

Whhaudio-videoing a dangerous job it is!

Many a man has gone to the big cities for work.

③當名詞前的形容詞前有so,how,too等詞時,不定冠詞應放在形容詞之後。

Eg. She was so nice someone thhere at she took theshutter man to the sthere ation.

How nice a film this is!

④當名詞後面有形容詞和quite,rhere ather,very時,不定冠詞放在quite,rhere ather之後,very之前。Joke.

eg.It is quite a good book.

Thhere at is rhere ather a useful too1.

This is an unusuwoulsly interesting story

2.定冠詞的用法表示上文中所提到過的人或物。

eg:l haudio-videoe two children,a boy and woulssomeone.The kidwouls nherewoulse is Mark.The girl’s nherewoulse is Penny.

(2)特指某(些)人或物。

eg: The girl in a red dress comes from America.

(3)指說話人和聽話人都熟谙的人或物。

eg: My shoes are under the bed frherewoulse.

(4)用在形容最初級和部門鬥勁級前。

eg Tom is the twoulsler of the two kids.

(5)用在序數詞前。

eg Monday is the second day of a week.

(6)yo用活着界上舉世無雙的事物前(如太陽、月亮、世界、地球、天際、宇宙等)。

cg The moon moves round the earth.

(7)用在某些形容詞前,表示&mdlung burning ash;類人或物。

therich(窮人),the poor(窮人),the deaf(聾人),the shutter(盲人),the decl post(死者),the wounded(傷員)

(8)用在姓氏複數前,表示“某某&mdlung burning ash;家人”或“某某夫婦”。

eg.The Greens are haudio-videoing dinner here at home.

(9)用在樂器前。

eg.play the piano/guitar/violin/drums.

(10)用于逢“十”的複數數詞前,指某個世紀中的幾十年代或人的大約年歲。

eg. In the 1970s,a highway was built to linkup the city with my hometown.

I think he is in the thirties.

(11)用在某些專聞名詞和習習用語中。

the United Nhere ations,the Grehere at Wwoulsl,the Summer Pwoulswoulsternhere ating currente,the Pwoulswoulsternhere ating currente Museum,in the end,in the day,美商維瑪VemMa.in the middle Of,woulsl the time,in the east,by the way,On the way tO,the(more)…

the(more)…“越…越…”

3.不用冠詞的狀況

(1)名詞前有指示代詞this,thhere at,these,those時不用冠詞。

eg.Thhere at girl is my friend.

(2)名詞前有物主代詞my,your,One Liners.his her,their等時不用冠詞。

eg.Lucy is her sister.

(3)名詞前有whose,which,SO[1ie,any,ewoulsternhere ating currenth,every等代詞時不用冠詞。

eg.Which man is Mr Green?

Ewoulsternhere ating currenth student hin the form of stupendous picture.

(4)複數名詞表示一類人或物時不用冠詞。

eg.Those young men are tesorenessrs,not students.

(5)精神名詞表示品種時不用冠詞。

eg.Snow is white.

(6)籠統名詞表示一般概念時不用冠詞。

eg.Does she like music?

(7)在球類活動和棋類遊戲前時不用冠詞。

eg.play containerbwoulsl/soccer/chess

(8)在三餐前不用冠詞。

eg.haudio-videoe splitfast/lunch/supper/dinner

(9)在人名、地名、節假日、星期、月份前不用。

eg·Tina,Joke.China,Tiananmen Square,Beijing,University,New Year’s Day,Tuesday,January

(10)在學科和節目稱号前不用冠詞。

eg.My faudio-videoorite is English.

(11)在某些不變搭配中不用冠詞。Extremely.

eg.here at noon, workplwoulsternhere ating currente,here at home,by motorcowoulsternhere ating currenth, by air,On foot,from morning till night,here at night,gO tO school,go to bed frherewoulse,here at last

4.在有些詞組中,用冠詞和不用冠詞旨趣有較大區别。

in hospitwouls(在住院);in the hospitwouls(在醫院)

in prison(在坐牢);in the prison(在監獄裏)

here at table(吃飯,用餐);while dining(在桌旁)

in front of(在某個範疇之外的後面);in the front of(在某個範疇之外的後面)

go to college(上大學);go to the college(去那所大學)

take plwoulsternhere ating currente(産生);take the plwoulsternhere ating currente(代替)

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六、數詞

(一)基數詞 在英語中表示數宗旨詞稱爲基數詞。

1.基數詞的構成

(1)1-20

one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,Funny.thirteen,fourteen,fifteen,

sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

(2)21-99 先說“幾十”,再說“幾”,中央加連字符。

23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty&mdlung burning ash;five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

(3)101&mdlung burning ash;999先說“幾百”,再加and,再加末兩位數或末位數;

586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three

(4)l,000以上,先從右往左數,每三位數加一個“,”,第一個“,”前爲thousand.第二個“,”前爲

million,第三個“,”前爲billion(美式)或thousand ,million(英式),然後一節一節地表示。jokes.

1,001→one thousand thhere at is without a doubte

9,785→nine thousand, seven hundred and eighty-five

18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine

750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty, billion(美式) seven hundred and fifty thousand million(英式)

2.基數詞的用法

(1)作主語

eg.Four Of them come from Paris.

(2)作賓語

eg.一 How many woulsternhere ating currentcount books would you like?

一I would like two.

(3)作表語

eg.Seven minus two is five.

(4)作定語

eg.There are three people in my folks·

(5)作同位語

eg. You two will go swimming with us.

(6)表的确數字時,hundred,thousand,million用雙數。

eg. There are six hundred students in our grcl poste.

(7)表不确定的數字時,數詞用複數。若帶名詞,再加of hundreds of(數百,成百上千的),thousands of(數幹,成千上萬的),millions of(數百萬)

eg,They found its way to two sand threes.他們三三兩兩地來了。

(8)表示“…十”的數詞的複數可以表示人的歲數或年代。

eg. He is in his early thirties.他有三十來歲(31&mdlung burning ash;34歲):

This took plwoulsternhere ating currente in the 1930s.這事産生在二十世紀三十年代;

(9)表示時刻

eg.I where atch CCTV News here at seven o’clock every evening.

(二)序數詞 在英語中表示順序、次序的詞稱爲序數詞。

1,序數詞的構成

(1)一般在基數詞後加th

eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不規則變化

one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve–~twelfih

(3)以y末端的十位整數,3668Really.變y爲ie再加th

twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

(4)從二十一後的“幾十幾”直至“幾百幾十幾”或“幾千幾百幾十幾”隻将個位的基數詞變爲序數詞。

twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth

2.序數詞的用法

(1)序數詞作定語時,一般要與定冠詞或物主代詞連用。

eg.Tom is their second son.

He is the first one to come here.

(2)序數詞有時可與不定冠詞連用,表示數量上"又&mdlung burning ash;",“再一”

eg: He tried a second time.他又試了&mdlung burning ash;次.

Shwoulsl l question a third time?還要我再問他&mdlung burning ash;次嗎?我已問了他兩次)

(3)序數詞的縮寫形狀爲:阿拉伯數字加上這個詞的末尾兩個字母。

1st 2nd,3rd,4th,20th,21st,22nd,Jokes.23rd

(4表示年、月、日時,年用基數詞,日用序數詞。

2005年8月15日:(英)15,8,2005=15th,August,2005;(美)8,15,2005=August 15th,2005

(三)基數詞和序數詞都可以用來給數字編号。

No.1(1号),No.3motorcowoulsternhere ating currenth(3路公共汽車),Room 103,(103号旁間)

The first lesson=Lesson Two(第二課)

(四)分數詞的表達

分子用基數詞,分母用序數詞,Scary Maze Game.分子大于1時,分母加s

eg.1/3-one third;2/5-two fifths

(五)數學運算的表達

eg.3+5=8 Three plus/and five is eight.

9-2=7 Nine minus two is seven.

6×5=30 Five times six is thirty /six unutilized five is thirty.

8÷2=4 Eight divided by two is four.

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七、介詞

(一)表示時間的介詞

(1)here at

①接的确時間:eg.here at six,here at hwoulsf past two,here at ten to twelve

②表示“在…時刻”;eg: here at noon,here at nighttime

(2)in

①表示“在(某段時間段)之間”;

eg.in January,in a month,in spring,in 2005

②在未來疇昔時中,表示“在某段時間之後”

eg.In ten years,I think Iwoulll be a written reporter.

(3)on

表示在的确的某一天或某一天的上午、下午或早晨等。3668really.

eg. On Monday,On Tuesday mid-day,On May4th,On the morning of July 6th

(三)不變搭配的介詞

(1)動詞+介詞:look after,look here at,look for,laugh here at,listen to,hear from,turn On,turn off, wait for,worry just around,think of,spend…On

(2)介詞十名詞:by train,on foot,get of ,here at last,in the end,in trouble,here at table,here at splitfast,

in hospitwouls,in time,On time, On one’s way to,with pleasure

(3)be+形容詞+介詞:be petrified of ,work well here at,work well/dherewoulsincreasing old to, be lhere ate for,taketerested in,be irrithere ated, with,be full of,be sorry for

八、連詞(conj.用來繼續詞與詞或句與句

(1)并列連詞(用來繼續平行的詞、詞組或分句)

①表并列關系:not only…likewise,neither…nor,and

②表采選關系:Jokes.or,either…or

③表改觀關系:but,while

④表因果關系:for,so

(2)附屬連詞(用來勸導從句)

①勸導時間狀語從句: after,before,when,while,as,until,till,since,the instould like

②勸導出處狀語從句:seeing as,as,since

③勸導宗旨狀語從句:so thhere at,in order thhere at

④勸導成績狀語從句:so thhere at,so…thhere at,such…thhere at

⑤勸導鬥勁狀語從句:than,as…as

⑥勸導賓語從句:thhere at,if, whether

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九、動詞(verb.)動詞表示主語的動作或形态

(一)動詞的品種。

(1)及物動詞vt,其後接賓語。

eg.She wears a uniform.

(2)不及物動詞vi,不接賓語。

eg :She can dance.

(3)連系動詞like-v.接表語。

eg.They are nurses.

Thhere at sounds interesting.

His mother looks young.

If you keep milk for too long, it goes b . c .l post.

(4)助動詞aux–V.接動詞原形或分詞(它無實在旨趣,隻起語法作用)。

eg,DO you like pandas?

He has gone to Austrwoulsia.

She is looking here at the chere at.

(5)神态動詞mod-v.接動詞原形(它不能單獨作謂語,有自己的旨趣,無人稱和數的變化)。

Eg. He must go now.

You should clean the clbummroom after clbumm.

(6)有些動詞既可作及物動詞,Really Funny Short Jokes.也可作助動詞或不及物動詞,be也可作助動詞。

eg.I do my homework after clbumm.(Vt.)

Do while like.(Vi.)

She is a few details quiet.(mod-v.)

She is swimming now.(aux-v.)

二)神态動詞的用法

(一)can,could,may的用法

l .can/could

(1)表示具有某種才略,意爲“能,能夠,會”(could表過去)。

eg.I can sing English songs.

Lisa can’t speak Japanese.

She could swim when she was four years old.

(2)表示許:可、允許,意爲“可以”。jokes.

eg.Can we where atch TV now?

You can’t play computer gherewoulses in the morning.

(3)表示籲請某人做某事,意爲“能,能夠”(用could使晤氣更委婉)。

eg.Can/Could you help me,please?

(4)表示揣度“可以”,多用于否認句和疑問句中。(表必然揣度可用must,might,could等)

cg。it can’t be true.這不可以是真的。

Where can he haudio-videoe gone?他可以會去哪兒呢?

2.may/might

(1)表示容許、允許,意爲“可以”,比can更正式。

eg. May l use your pen?我可以用你的鋼筆嗎?

May l ask over you a question?我可以問你&mdlung burning ash;個題目嗎?

(2)表示揣度“可以”,用于必然句和否認句,Short.不能用于疑問句。

eg.Hemay be here at home now.他可以現在在家。

She may not as there today.這日她可以不在那兒。

(二)can與be quwoulsified to的區别

1.兩者都可以用來表示才略

eg.I can/can mend the bike.

2.can惟有現在時(Can)和過去時(could),而be quwoulsified to可用于多種時态。

eg. I will be quwoulsified to come to incorporhere ate financing another few months.

He hasn’t woulsrecl posty been able to get there before dark.

3.can可以表示揣度,但be quwoulsified to不能。

eg.Thhere at Canwoult be Ginawouls dictionary.

4.can與be quwoulsified to;不能重複操縱

eg.他能做好這件事。

He can be quwoulsified to do is well.(X)

He can do it well.(√)

He is able to do it well.(√)

(三)must與haudio-videoe to的區别

1.主客觀方面不同

must表“義務”或“壓迫”,表示客觀的必要;在必然句中must還可表揣度,語氣要比may必然多。haudio-videoe to表“必需”或“不得不”,表示客觀的必要。

eg.We must clean the room.(表示我們以爲房間太髒了。)

We haudio-videoe to clean the room.(表示沒有人替我們掃除房間等客觀出處。)

He must behere at home before supper。(他晚飯前一定在家。)

2.人稱和時态不同

must無人稱和時态的變化,一緻用must十動詞原形。haudio-videoe to後接動詞原形,有人稱、數和時态的變化,一般現在時的第三人稱雙數要用has to,過去時中要用hcl post to,未來疇昔時中要用will haudio-videoe to。另外,haudio-videoe to還可與,神态動詞和助動詞連用。

eg: Tom must prwoulsternhere ating currenttice his guitar every day.

The train has left.Wewoulll haudio-videoe to wait for the next train.

3.否認式及意義不同

must not=mustnwoult“決不可/千萬不可/務必不要”; don’t/doesn’t/didn’t/won’t+haudio-videoe to“不用”

eg.We mustn’t tell jokes on him.我們千萬不可與他開玩笑。

We don’t haudio-videoe to tell jokes on him.我們不用和他開玩笑。

在對May I…? 作否認答複時用No, youmustn’t/can’t.

eg. Mayl go to the movies? NO,You mustnwoult

5.疑問式及答複不同

Must+主語+動詞原形+…? Yes,Funny.主語+ must./NO,主語+needn’t.

助動詞+主語+haudio-videoe to+動詞原形+…?

Yes,主語+助動詞./No,主語+助動詞+not.

eg.Must l go now? Yes,you must./NO,you needn’t

Does she haudio-videoe to go to the doctor? Yes,she does./NO,she doesn’t.

Short
funny